The adrenal glands are present above the kidneys and are also called as super-renal glands. They secrete
- Sex steroids such as DHEA (Dehydro epiandrostenedione).
Cortisol is energy-boosting hormone and its deficiency is called Addison’s disease in which weight loss, loss of appetite, darkening of the skin (hyperpigmentation) are seen and it is incompatible with life.
Tumours of the adrenal gland are associated with hypertension, which occurs in young adults. It can be severe, resistant to the usual treatment, and needs to be diagnosed and treated accordingly.